There are two general classifications of asthma medications including long-term control medications and quick-relief medications.
Quick-acting bronchodilators are used for symptom relief and as a pre-treatment for exercise-induced asthma.
Anti-inflammatory agents play an essential role as controller medicines, taken even when symptoms are not present. Inhaled corticosteroids are commonly used anti-inflammatory medicines. They prevent and decrease inflammation and reduce the need for quick-relief medications. Short-courses of oral corticosteroids sometimes are added. An inhaled beta2-agonist bronchodilator for quick-relief can be more effective when oral corticosteroids are added in hard to control asthma episodes.